Selective hunting of the roe doe
I come back again with an article on a rather controversial and discussed subject in the hunting world, challenged by some and supported by others: The selective hunting of the roe doe, a subject that has given rise to many controversy between Diana’s lovers. The selective hunting of the doe is one of the most difficult and complicated parts of the hunting. This is not due to the difficulty of hunting but, on the one hand, to the emotional factor. Secondly due to the fact that, unlike the male, where we have more criteria of age appreciation and trophies, things are not so simple with females. This requires a lot of experience and extensive practical knowledge.
However, selective hunting of the roe doe is an indispensable action to be taken in a hunting ground to raise the quality of the trophies. Although it does not look good in the eyes of some who claim that this type of hunt has nothing to do with sport and additionally does not bring trophies.
Why is it necessary to hunt roe doe along with the buck? Roe deer is a species of game whose proportion of sex is mandatory to be kept at a value of 1: 1 or at most 1: 1,5. Under no circumstances, the number of females to be much higher than that of males (eg 1: 2), but also not vice versa. Given that the sex ratio would be in favor of the females, this would compromise the breeding process, given that in such conditions. When the competition between the mature bucks disappears, the young males will participate in the reproduction, which negatively affects the quality of followers.
Roe deer trophies
Horia Almăşan, in his book The ROEBUCK (1967) remarks: “One of the reasons for the decrease in the quality of the roe deer trophies in some hunting areas is precisely the great gender disproportion in favor of the females.” Similarly, if the males were more numerous than the females, this would hurt the breeding process, because the supernumerary bucks will fight for the females, which would lead to the killing of the bucks, but also to their exhaustion, which implicitly leads to the appearance the poor quality fawns from the point of view of quality, who will never give quality trophies. I witnessed a scene in which two big bucks fought for a nearby doe, while another weaker buck took advantage of the struggle of the two bucks and mated with the doe.A good hunting area will never be the area with a high number of animals, but the area who produce most medals trophies every year.
Medalable trophies can be obtained from a good management of the game. This means everything from a correct evaluation of the herds, keeping an optimal flock and the correct gender ratio, performing a rigorous artificial selection in both males and females.As well as monitoring and protecting good, future bucks in such a way that they are killed at the age when their the trophies has reached maximum development. I say this from our experience, while every year on our hunting areas, we shot bucks, whose grammage says it all: 760 grams, 740 grams, 630 grams, 580 grams, 560 grams, and so on.The hunting of such trophies is not due to chance, but to a professional and sustainable management of the roe deer population.
That is why it is very important that 50% male and 50% females be allocated the shooting quota. If from the male quota 70-75% are young, middle-aged and old-age bucks in the regression , and the difference of 25-30% should be made up of the bucks at the apogee, the females are inversely , 55-60% of the quota must be old females, and the difference is represented by injured, sick and young females.
Who should make the selection of roe deer females? The selective hunting of doe is an extremely difficult task and requires a lot of field experience from the hunter. It would therefore be ideal that selective hunting to be made by the local guide, together with a hunter, because at least theoretically he should know the best situation in the field. Unfortunately I have to say that I met rangers who did not know anything about hunting doe, and more did not agree with the hunting of females, which is totally unprofessional. In the Hunting Regulation No. 353, art. 32, it is stipulated that: “For the correct identification of the selection specimens, it is mandatory for any hunting action organized for this purpose with the hunters to be accompanied by a person employed and authorized by the manager and to shoot only on the game indicated by him “.In the article written by Col.
Schnell (hunting inspector)
No. 5/1938 of the Carpathians magazine, who approached this problem, said: “The selection of the deer is not allowed to be left to all hunters, in order to try their weapons. This task must be left to the hunting master and a very small number of skilled hunters. Nor is it advisable to let staff selection be taken care of, because in many cases this would lead to abuses. ” How do we choose and which specimens should be removed from the field? First of all, in a rough selection, females with obvious wounds, with obvious signs of disease (flecked hair, dirty tract, coughing animals, swollen head, depressions on the body, unsteady in time with signs of obvious hypodermosis, with fractures in the limbs), the lowest deer in the body of the wintering season.
When we get into the details, a selection of finesse will try to shoot the old and dry females, which are recognized by the specialist’s eye. What is the best time for doing deer selective hunting? Although, legally, the deer hunting period is large, ranging from 01.09-15.02, practically and ethically this is much shorter if we take into account the weather and embryo development. Why do we relate to these benchmarks? Once in practical reasoning, because the deer hunting must be related to the state of time.
Frost and snow fall are weather phenomena that lead to the formation of wintering kernels, which makes it easier to choose the pieces to be removed from the ground, because the possibility of comparing the copies between them will be much easier in choosing the animal. The second reference is ethical, and it dictates not to hunt deer after embryonic development begins to increase. We all know that the development of the embryo in females has a latency phase from the time of its fertilization and formation (July to August) and until the end of January, when the embryo starts to develop strongly.
So it is imperative both for practical and ethical considerations that the deer hunting period should be between 01.11. -Moment in winter is as much as installed and 30.01. – When the embryo in the maternal uterus begins to develop strongly. This is, in short, a recapitulation of the selection of deer. As I said above, a particularly difficult and delicate task, which more than any selection action implies great responsibility and understanding from the hunter .